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Coverdale Bible 1535



1:1Paul an Apostle of Iesu Christ, by the will of God, and brother Timotheus. Vnto the congregacion of God which is at Corinthu, with all the sayntes which are i all Achaia.
1:2Grace be with you, and peace fro God oure father, and from the LORDE Iesus Christ.
1:3Blessed be God the father of oure LORDE Iesus Christ, the father of mercy and ye God of all comforte,
1:4which comforteth vs in all oure trouble: in so moch yt we are able to comforte them that are in eny maner of trouble, with the same comforte wher with we oure selues are comforted of God.
1:5For as the affliccios of Christ are plenteous in vs, euen so is or cosolacion plenteous by Christ.
1:6But whether we haue trouble or comforte, it is done for youre welth. Yf it be trouble, it is done for youre coforte and health, which health sheweth hir power, in that ye suffre the same affliccions which we suffre. Yf it be comforte, it is done also fo
1:7Therfore is oure hope fast for you, in as moch as we knowe, that, like as ye are partakers of the affliccios, so shal ye be partakers also of the consolacion.
1:8Brethren we wolde not haue you ignoraunt of oure trouble, which happened vnto vs in Asia, for we were greued out off measure passynge strength, so that we euen dispared of life,
1:9and had concluded in oure selues yt we must nedes dye. But this was done, because we shulde not put oure trust in oure selues, but in God, which rayseth vp the deed to life agayne:
1:10which delyuered vs from so greate a death, and yet delyuereth daylie, On whom we trust, that he wil delyuer vs here after also,
1:11by the helpe of youre prayer for vs that on oure behalfe many thankes maye be geuen by many personnes, for the gifte that is geuen vs.
1:12For oure reioysinge is this, euen the testimony of oure conscience, that in synglenes & godly purenesse, not in fleshlye wyssdome, but in the grace of God, we haue had oure conuersacion in the worlde, but most of all with you.
1:13For we wryte nothinge els vnto you, then that ye rede and also knowe. Yee & I trust that ye shal fynde vs vnto the ende, euen as ye haue founde vs partly.
1:14For we are youre reioysinge, eue as ye also are oure reioysinge in ye daye of the LORDE Iesus.
1:15And in this confidence was I mynded the other tyme to come vnto you (that ye mighte haue yet another pleasure more)
1:16& to passe by you in to Macedonia, & to come againe out of Macedonia vnto you & to be led forth to Iewrye warde of you.
1:17Whan I thus wyse was mynded, dyd I vse ligthnesse? Or are my thoughtes fleshly.? Not so but with me yee is yee, and nay is naye.
1:18O faithfull God, that oure worde vnto you hath not bene yee and naye.
1:19For Gods sonne Iesus Christ, which was preached amonge you by vs (namely, by me and Siluanus and Timotheus) was not yee and naye, but in him it was yee.
1:20For all the promyses of God are yee in him, & are Ame in him, to the prayse of God by vs.
1:21But it is God which stablysheth vs wt you in Christ, and hath anoynted us,
1:22and sealed us, and geuen the ernest of the sprete in oure hertes.
1:23Bvt I call God to recorde vnto my soule, that to fauoure you withall I came not agayne vnto Corinthum.
1:24Not that we are lordes ouer youre faith, but we are helpers of youre ioye, for ye stonde in faith.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.