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Textus Receptus Bibles

Geneva Bible 1560

 

   

4:1And hee began againe to teache by the sea side, and there gathered vnto him a great multitude, so that hee entred into a shippe, and sate in the sea, and all the people was by the sea side on the land.
4:2And he taught them many things in parables, and said vnto them in his doctrine,
4:3Hearken: Beholde, there went out a sower to sowe.
4:4And it came to passe as he sowed, that some fell by the way side, and the foules of the heauen came, and deuoured it vp.
4:5And some fell on stonie grounde, where it had not much earth, and by and by sprang vp, because it had not depth of earth.
4:6But assoone as ye Sunne was vp, it was burnt vp, and because it had not roote, it withered away.
4:7And some fell among the thornes, and the thornes grewe vp, and choked it, so that it gaue no fruite.
4:8Some againe fell in good grounde, and did yeelde fruite that sprong vp, and grewe, and it brought foorth, some thirtie folde, some sixtie folde, and some an hundreth folde.
4:9Then he said vnto them, He that hath eares to heare, let him heare.
4:10And whe he was alone, they that were about him with the twelue, asked him of ye parable.
4:11And he saide vnto them, To you it is giuen to knowe the mysterie of the kingdome of God: but vnto them that are without, all thinges bee done in parables,
4:12That they seeing, may see, and not discerne: and they hearing, may heare, and not vnderstand, least at any time they should turne, and their sinnes should be forgiuen them.
4:13Againe he said vnto them, Perceiue ye not this parable? howe then should ye vnderstand all other parables?
4:14The sower soweth the worde.
4:15And these are they that receiue the seede by the wayes side, in whome the worde is sowen: but when they haue heard it, Satan commeth immediatly, and taketh away the worde that was sowen in their heartes.
4:16And likewise they that receiue the seede in stony ground, are they, which whe they haue heard the word, straightwayes receiue it with gladnesse.
4:17Yet haue they no roote in themselues, and endure but a time: for when trouble and persecution ariseth for the worde, immediatly they be offended.
4:18Also they that receiue the seede among the thornes, are such as heare the word:
4:19But the cares of this world, and the deceitfulnes of riches, and the lustes of other things enter in, and choke the word, and it is vnfruitfull.
4:20But they that haue receiued seede in good ground, are they that heare the worde, and receiue it, and bring foorth fruite: one corne thirtie, another sixtie, and some an hundreth.
4:21Also he saide vnto them, Commeth the candle in, to be put vnder a bushell, or vnder the bed, and not to be put on a candlesticke?
4:22For there is nothing hid, that shall not be opened: neither is there a secret, but that it shall come to light.
4:23If any man haue eares to heare, let him heare.
4:24And he said vnto them, Take heede what ye heare. With what measure ye mete, it shall be measured vnto you: and vnto you that heare, shall more be giuen.
4:25For vnto him that hath, shall it be giuen, and from him that hath not, shall be taken away, euen that he hath.
4:26Also he said, So is the kingdome of God, as if a man should cast seede in the ground,
4:27And shoulde sleepe, and rise vp night and day, and the seede should spring and growe vp, he not knowing howe.
4:28For the earth bringeth foorth fruite of it selfe, first the blade, then the eares, after that full corne in the eares.
4:29And assoone as the fruite sheweth it selfe, anon hee putteth in the sickle, because the haruest is come.
4:30He saide moreouer, Whereunto shall wee liken the kingdome of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it?
4:31It is like a graine of mustarde seede, which when it is sowen in the earth, is the least of all seedes that be in the earth:
4:32But after that it is sowen, it groweth vp, and is greatest of all herbes, and beareth great branches, so that the foules of heauen may builde vnder the shadow of it.
4:33And with many such parables he preached the word vnto them, as they were able to heare it.
4:34And without parables spake hee nothing vnto them: but he expounded all thinges to his disciples apart.
4:35Nowe the same day when euen was come, he saide vnto them, Let vs passe ouer vnto the other side.
4:36And they left the multitude, and tooke him as he was in the shippe, and there were also with him other little shippes.
4:37And there arose a great storme of winde, and the waues dashed into the shippe, so that it was now full.
4:38And he was in the sterne asleepe on a pillow: and they awoke him, and saide to him, Master, carest thou not that we perish?
4:39And hee rose vp, and rebuked the winde, and saide vnto the sea, Peace, and be still. So the winde ceased, and it was a great calme.
4:40Then he saide vnto them, Why are ye so fearefull? how is it that ye haue no faith?
4:41And they feared exceedingly, and said one to another, Who is this, that both the winde and sea obey him?
Geneva Bible 1560

Geneva Bible 1560

The Geneva Bible is one of the most influential and historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James translation by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th century Protestantism and was the Bible used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan. The language of the Geneva Bible was more forceful and vigorous and because of this, most readers strongly preferred this version at the time.

The Geneva Bible was produced by a group of English scholars who, fleeing from the reign of Queen Mary, had found refuge in Switzerland. During the reign of Queen Mary, no Bibles were printed in England, the English Bible was no longer used in churches and English Bibles already in churches were removed and burned. Mary was determined to return Britain to Roman Catholicism.

The first English Protestant to die during Mary's turbulent reign was John Rogers in 1555, who had been the editor of the Matthews Bible. At this time, hundreds of Protestants left England and headed for Geneva, a city which under the leadership of Calvin, had become the intellectual and spiritual capital of European Protestants.

One of these exiles was William Whittingham, a fellow of Christ Church at Oxford University, who had been a diplomat, a courtier, was much traveled and skilled in many languages including Greek and Hebrew. He eventually succeeded John Knox as the minister of the English congregation in Geneva. Whittingham went on to publish the 1560 Geneva Bible.

This version is significant because, it came with a variety of scriptural study guides and aids, which included verse citations that allow the reader to cross-reference one verse with numerous relevant verses in the rest of the Bible, introductions to each book of the Bible that acted to summarize all of the material that each book would cover, maps, tables, woodcut illustrations, indices, as well as other included features, all of which would eventually lead to the reputation of the Geneva Bible as history's very first study Bible.