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Coverdale Bible 1535



11:1And whan they came nye Ierusalem to Bethphage and Bethanye vnto mount Oliuete, he sent two of his disciples,
11:2and sayde vnto them: Go in to the towne that lyeth before you, and as soone as ye come in, ye shal fynde a foale bounde, wher vpon no man hath sytte: lowse it, and brynge it hither.
11:3And yf eny man saye vnto you: wherfore do ye that? Then saye ye: The LORDE hath nede therof, and forth with he shal sende it hither.
11:4They wete their waie and founde the foale tyed by ye dore without at the partynge of the waye, and lowsed it.
11:5And certayne of those yt stode there, axed them: What do ye, that ye lowse the foale?
11:6But they sayde vnto the, like as Iesus had commaunded them. And so they let them alone.
11:7And they brought the foale vnto Iesus, and layed their clothes theron, and he sat theron.
11:8But many spred their garmetes in the waye: some cut downe braunches fro the trees, and strowed the in the waye.
11:9And they that wente before, and that folowed after, cried, and sayde: Hosyanna, blessed be he, that commeth in the name of the LORDE:
11:10blessed be the kyngdome of oure father Dauid, which commeth in the name of the LORDE. Hosyanna in the height.
11:11And the LORDE entred in to Ierusalem, and wente in to the temple, and loked vpon all. And at euen he wente out vnto Bethany with the twolue:
11:12and on the morow wha they departed from Bethanye, he hugred,
11:13and sawe a fygge tre afarre of, which had leaues. Then came he nye, (to se) yf he coude fynde eny thinge theron.And whan he came to it, he founde nothinge but leaues (for the tyme of fygges was not yet)
11:14And Iesus answered, and sayde vnto it: Neuer ma eate frute of the for euermore. And his disciples herde it.
11:15And they came to Ierusalem. And Iesus wente in to the temple, and beganne to dryue out the sellers and byers in the teple, & ouerthrew the tables of the money chaungers, and the stoles of the doue sellers,
11:16and suffred not eny man to cary a vessell thorow the temple.
11:17And he taught and sayde vnto them: Is it not wrytten: My house shalbe called a house of prayer for all people? But ye haue made it a denne of murthurers.
11:18And the scrybes and hye prestes herde of it. And they sought how they might destroye him, but they were afrayed of him, for all the people marueled at his doctryne.
11:19And at euen he wente out of the cite.
11:20And on the morow they passed by, and sawe the fygge tre, that it was wythred vnto the rote.
11:21And Peter thought theron, and sayde vnto him: Master, beholde, the fygge tre yt thou cursedest, is wythred awaye.
11:22Iesus answered, and sayde vnto them: Haue faith in God.
11:23Verely I saye vnto you: Who so euer saieth vnto this mountayne: Avoyde, and cast thy self in to the see, and douteth not in his hert, but beleueth that the thinges shal come to passe which he saieth, then loke what he sayeth, it shal come to passe.
11:24Therfore I saye vnto you: What so euer ye desyre in youre prayer, beleue that ye shal receaue it, and ye shal haue it.
11:25And whan ye stonde and praye, forgeue yf ye haue ought ageynst eny man, that youre father also in heauen, maye forgeue you youre trespaces.
11:27And they came agayne vnto Ierusalem and whan he wente in the temple, there came vnto him the hye prestes and scrybes and the elders,
11:28and sayde vnto him: By what auctorite dost thou these thinges? and who gaue the this auctorite to do soch?
11:29But Iesus answered and sayde vnto the: I wil axe you a worde also, answere me, and I wyl tell you, by what auctorite I do these.
11:30The baptyme of Ihon, was it from heauen, or of men? Answere me.
11:31And they thought in them selues: yf we saye, it was from heauen, then shal he saye: Why dyd ye not then beleue him?
11:32But yf we saye: It was of men, then feare we the people, for they all helde that Ihon was a true prophet.
11:33And they answered, and saide vnto him: We can not tell. And Iesus answered, and sayde vnto them: Nether tell I you, by what auctorite I do these thinges.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.