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Coverdale Bible 1535



15:1And soone in the mornynge the hye prestes helde a councell wt the elders and scrybes and the whole councell, & bounde Iesus, and led him awaye, and delyuered him vnto Pylate.
15:2And Pylate axed him: Art thou the kynge of the Iewes? He answered, and sayde vnto him: Thou sayest it.
15:3And the hye prestes accused him sore.
15:4But Pylate axed him agayne, and sayde: Answerest thou nothinge? Beholde, how sore they laye to yi charge.
15:5Neuertheles Iesus answered nomore, in so moch yt Pylate marueyled.
15:6At that feast of Easter he was wonte to delyuer vnto them a presoner, whom so euer they wolde desyre.
15:7There was i preson with the sedicious, one called Barrabas, which in the vproure had committed murthur.
15:8And the people wente vp, and prayed him, that he wolde do, as he was wonte.
15:9Pylate answered them: wyl ye that I geue lowse vnto you the kynge of the Iewes?
15:10For he knew, that ye hye prestes had delyuered him of envye.
15:11But the hye prestes moued ye people, that he shulde rather geue Barrabas lowse vnto them.
15:12Pylate answered agayne, and sayde vnto them: What wil ye the that I do vnto him, whom ye accuse to be kynge of the Iewes?
15:13They cried agayne: Crucifie hi.
15:14Pylate sayde vnto the: What euell hath he done? But they cried yet moch more: Crucifie him.
15:15So Pylate thought to satisfie the people, and gaue Barrabas lowse vnto them, and delyuered the Iesus, to be scourgd & crucified.
15:16And the soudyers led him in to the como hall, and called the whole multitude together,
15:17and clothed him with purple, and plated a crowne of thorne, and crowned him withall,
15:18and beganne to salute him: Hayle kynge of the Iewes.
15:19And smote him vpon the heade with a rede, and spytted vpo him, and fell vpo the kne, & worshipped him.
15:20And wha they had mocked him, they toke ye purple of him, and put his clothes vpon him, & led him out, that they might crucifye him.
15:21And they compelled one that passed by, called Symon of Cyren (which came from the felde, and was the father of Alexander and Ruffus) to beare his crosse.
15:22And they brought him to the place Golgatha, which is by interpretacion: a place of deed mens skulles.
15:23And they gaue him wyne myxted wt myrre, to drynke, & he toke it not.
15:24And whan they had crucified him, they parted his garmetes, & cast lottes therfore, what euery one shulde take.
15:25And it was aboute ye thirde houre, & they crucified him.
15:26And the tytle of his cause was wrytte ouer aboue him (namely:) The kynge of the Iewes.
15:27And they crucified him wt two murtherers, one at ye right hande, and one at the left.
15:28Then was the scrypture fulfilled, which sayeth: He was couted amonge the euell doers.
15:29And they that wete by, reuyled him, and wagged their heades, and sayde: Fye vpon the, how goodly breakest thou downe ye teple, & buyldest it agayne in thre dayes?
15:30Helpe yi self now, & come downe fro the crosse.
15:31The hye prestes also in like maner laughed him to scorne amonge the selues, with the scrybes, & sayde: He hath helped other, himself can he not helpe.
15:32Yf he be Christ and ye kynge of Israel, let him come downe now fro the crosse, yt we maye se it, & beleue. And they yt were crucified wt hi, checked hi also.
15:33And wha it was aboute the sixte houre, there was a darcknesse ouer the whole lode, tyll aboute ye nyenth houre.
15:34And aboute ye nyenth houre Iesus cried loude, and sayde: Eli, Eli, lamma asabthani? which is interpreted: My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?
15:35And some that stode by, whan they herde yt, they sayde: Beholde, he calleth Elias.
15:36Then rane there one, & fylled a spoge wt vyneger, & stickte it vpo a rede, & gaue hi to drynke, & sayde: Holde styll, let se, whether Elias wil come, and take him downe.
15:37But Iesus cried loude, and gaue vp the goost.
15:38And the vale of the teple rent in two peces, from aboue tyll beneth.
15:39The captayne that stode thereby ouer agaynst him, wha he sawe yt he gaue vp the goost with soch a crye, he sayde: Verely this man was Gods sonne.
15:40And there were wemen there also, which behelde this afarre of, amoge who was Mary Magdalene, & Mary of Iames ye litle, & the mother of Ioses, & Salome,
15:41which had folowed him wha he was in Galile, and mynistred vnto hi: & many other yt wete vp wt hi to Ierusalem.
15:42And at euen (for so moch as it was the daye of preparinge, which is the fore Sabbath)
15:43there came one Ioseph of Arimathia, a worshipfull Senatoure (which loked also for the kyngdome of God) & wete in boldely vnto Pilate, & axed ye body of Iesus.
15:44But Pylate marueyled yt he was deed all ready, & called ye captayne, & axed hi, whether he had loge bene deed.
15:45And wha he had gotten knowlege of the captayne, he gaue Ioseph ye body.
15:46And he bought a lynne cloth, & toke him downe, & wrapped hi in ye lynne clothe, & layed him in a sepulcre, which was hewe out of a rocke, & rolled a stone before ye dore of ye sepulcre.
15:47But Mary Magdalene and Mary Ioses behelde, where he was layed.
Coverdale Bible 1535

Coverdale Bible 1535

The Coverdale Bible, compiled by Myles Coverdale and published in 1535, was the first complete English translation of the Bible to contain both the Old and New Testament and translated from the original Hebrew and Greek. The later editions (folio and quarto) published in 1539 were the first complete Bibles printed in England. The 1539 folio edition carried the royal license and was, therefore, the first officially approved Bible translation in English.

Tyndale never had the satisfaction of completing his English Bible; but during his imprisonment, he may have learned that a complete translation, based largely upon his own, had actually been produced. The credit for this achievement, the first complete printed English Bible, is due to Miles Coverdale (1488-1569), afterward bishop of Exeter (1551-1553).

The details of its production are obscure. Coverdale met Tyndale in Hamburg, Germany in 1529, and is said to have assisted him in the translation of the Pentateuch. His own work was done under the patronage of Oliver Cromwell, who was anxious for the publication of an English Bible; and it was no doubt forwarded by the action of Convocation, which, under Archbishop Cranmer's leading, had petitioned in 1534 for the undertaking of such a work.

Coverdale's Bible was probably printed by Froschover in Zurich, Switzerland and was published at the end of 1535, with a dedication to Henry VIII. By this time, the conditions were more favorable to a Protestant Bible than they had been in 1525. Henry had finally broken with the Pope and had committed himself to the principle of an English Bible. Coverdale's work was accordingly tolerated by authority, and when the second edition of it appeared in 1537 (printed by an English printer, Nycolson of Southwark), it bore on its title-page the words, "Set forth with the King's most gracious license." In licensing Coverdale's translation, King Henry probably did not know how far he was sanctioning the work of Tyndale, which he had previously condemned.

In the New Testament, in particular, Tyndale's version is the basis of Coverdale's, and to a somewhat less extent this is also the case in the Pentateuch and Jonah; but Coverdale revised the work of his predecessor with the help of the Zurich German Bible of Zwingli and others (1524-1529), a Latin version by Pagninus, the Vulgate, and Luther. In his preface, he explicitly disclaims originality as a translator, and there is no sign that he made any noticeable use of the Greek and Hebrew; but he used the available Latin, German, and English versions with judgment. In the parts of the Old Testament which Tyndale had not published he appears to have translated mainly from the Zurich Bible. [Coverdale's Bible of 1535 was reprinted by Bagster, 1838.]

In one respect Coverdale's Bible was groundbreaking, namely, in the arrangement of the books of the. It is to Tyndale's example, no doubt, that the action of Coverdale is due. His Bible is divided into six parts -- (1) Pentateuch; (2) Joshua -- Esther; (3) Job -- "Solomon's Balettes" (i.e. Canticles); (4) Prophets; (5) "Apocrypha, the books and treatises which among the fathers of old are not reckoned to be of like authority with the other books of the Bible, neither are they found in the canon of the Hebrew"; (6) the New Testament. This represents the view generally taken by the Reformers, both in Germany and in England, and so far as concerns the English Bible, Coverdale's example was decisive.