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Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



9:1And the fifth angel sounded the trumpet, and I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth: and there was given to him the key of the well of the bottomless pit.
9:2And he opened the well of the bottomless pit; and a smoke went up out of the well, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun was darkened, and the air, from the smoke of the well.
9:3And out of the smoke came forth locusts into the earth: and power was given them, as the scorpions of the earth have power.
9:4And it was said to them that they should not injure the grass of the earth, neither any green, nor any tree; except the men only which have not the seal of God upon their foreheads.
9:5And it was given them that they should not kill them, but that they should be tortured five months: and their torture as the torture of a scorpion, when he should strike a man.
9:6And in those days shall men seek death, and not find it; and shall eagerly desire to die, and death shall flee from them.
9:7And the likenesses of the locusts like horses prepared for war; and upon their heads as crowns like gold, and their faces as men's faces.
9:8And they had hair as women's hair, and their teeth were as of lions.
9:9And they had coats-of-mail, as coats-of-mail of iron; and the voice of their wings as the voice of chariots of many horses running to war.
9:10And they have tails as scorpions, and goads were in their tails: and their power to injure men five months.
9:11And they have a king over them, the angel of the abyss, the name to him in Hebrew Abaddon, and in Greek he has the name Apollyon.
9:12One woe has passed; behold, there come two woes more after these.
9:13And the sixth angel sounded the trumpet, and I heard one voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God,
9:14Saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, Loose the four angels bound in the great river Euphrates.
9:15And the four angels were loosed, prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, that they might kill the third of men.
9:16And the number of troops of cavalry, two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard their number.
9:17And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them sitting upon them, having fiery coats-of-mail, and of deep purple, and sulphurous: and the horses' heads as lions' heads; and out of their mouths went forth fire and smoke and sulphur.
9:18By these three were the third of men killed, from fire, and from smoke, and from brimstone, coming forth out of their mouths.
9:19For their powers are in their month, and in their tails: for their tails like serpents, having heads, and with them they injure.
9:20And the rest of men who were not killed by these blows, neither repented of the works of their hands, that they should not worship evil spirits, and images of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and wood: which neither can see, neither hear, neither walk:
9:21And they repented not of their slaughters, nor of their charms, nor of their fornications, nor of their thefts.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.