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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



15:1And quickly the chief priests having made counsel with the more ancient and scribes and the whole council, having bound Jesus, led away, and delivered to Pilate.
15:2And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And having answered, he said to him, Thou sayest.
15:3And the chief priests accused him much.
15:4And Pilate again asked him, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how much they accuse thee.
15:5And Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate wondered.
15:6And at the festival he loosed to them one in bonds, whomsoever they asked.
15:7And there was he called Barabbas, bound with those exciting sedition, who did murder in the revolt.
15:8And the crowd having cried, began to ask as he did always to them.
15:9And Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye I loose to you the King of the Jews?
15:10For he knew that through envy the chief priests had delivered him up:
15:11And the chief priests moved the crowd, that he would rather loose Barabbas to them.
15:12And Pilate having answered, again said to them, What then will ye I should do to him whom ye call King of the Jews?
15:13And again they cried out, Crucify him.
15:14And Pilate said to them, But what evil has he done? And they cried out more excessively, Crucify him.
15:15And Pilate, willing to satisfy the crowd, loosed to them Barabbas, and delivered Jesus, having scourged, that he might be crucified.
15:16And the soldiers led him away within the hall, which is the Pretorium; and they call together the whole band.
15:17And they clothed him with purple, and put round him, having woven, a thorny crown.
15:18And they began to greet him, Hail, O King of the Jews
15:19And they struck his head with a reed, and they spit upon him, and having placed the knees, they worshipped him.
15:20And when they mocked him, they put off the purple from him, and clothed him with his own garments, and led him out that they might crucify him.
15:21And they constrain a certain Simon, a Cyrenian, passing by, coming from the field, the father of Alexander and Rufus, that he might take up his cross.
15:22And they bring him to the place Golgotha, which is, interpreted, The place of a skull.
15:23And they gave him wine to drink, prepared with myrrh: and he took not.
15:24And having crucified him, they divided his garments, casting lots upon what any should take up.
15:25And it was the third hour, and they crucified him:
15:26And the inscription of his accusation was inscribed above, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
15:27And with him they crucify two robbers; one from the right, and one from the left.
15:28And the writing was completed, saying, And he was reckoned with the lawless.
15:29And they going by blasphemed him, shaking their heads, and saying, Ali, thou loosing the temple, and building in three days,
15:30Save thyself, and come down from the cross.
15:31And likewise also the chief priests, mocking to one another with the scribes, said, He saved others; himself he cannot save.
15:32Let Christ, King of Israel, come down from the cross, that we might see and believe. And they crucified with him reproached him.
15:33And being the sixth hour, darkness was upon the whole earth till the ninth hour.
15:34And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a great voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, for what hast thou forsaken me?
15:35And some of them standing by, having heard, said, Behold, he calls Elias.
15:36And one running and having filled a sponge with vinegar, and put round a reed, gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see if Elias will come to take him down.
15:37And Jesus having let go a great voice, expired.
15:38And the veil of the temple was split in two from above to below.
15:39And the centurion, standing over against him, having seen that having so cried out he expired, said, Truly this man was the Son- of God.
15:40And women also were beholding from far: among whom was Mary Magdalene, and Mary of James the small and the mother of Joses, and Salome;
15:41(And they, when he was in Galilee, followed him and served him;) and many other women, having come up with him to Jerusalem.
15:42And being already evening, for it was the preparation, which is before sabbath,
15:43Joseph came from Arimathea, a distinguished counsellor, who also himself was expecting the kingdom of God, having ventured, he went in to Pilate, and asked for the body of Jesus.
15:44And Pilate wondered if he were already dead: and having called the centurion, he asked him if he had been dead long ago.
15:45And having known from the centurion, he bestowed the body to Joseph.
15:46And having bought fine linen, and taken him down, he rolled in fine linen, and placed him in a tomb, which was quarried out of a rock, and he rolled a stone at the door of the tomb.
15:47And Mary Magdalene and Mari of Joses were beholding where he is laid.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.