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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



1:1And Jehovah will call to Moses, and speak to him from the tent of appointment, saying,
1:2Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, A man when he shall bring near from you an offering to Jehovah, from the cattle, from the oxen and from the sheep, ye shall bring near your offering.
1:3If a burnt-offering, his sacrifice from the oxen, a blameless male: they shall bring it near to the door of the tent of appointment; he shall bring it near according to his will before Jehovah.
1:4And he placed his hand upon the head of the burnt-offering, and it was accepted for him to expiate for him.
1:5And he slaughtered the son of the cow before Jehovah: and the sons of Aaron the priests brought near the blood, and they sprinkled the blood upon the altar round about, which is at the door of the tent of appointment
1:6And he flayed the burnt-offering, and cut in pieces according to its pieces.
1:7And the sons of Aaron, the priests, gave fire upon the altar, and arranged the wood upon the fire.
1:8And Aaron's sons, the priests, shall arrange the pieces, the head and the fat, upon the wood which is upon the fire which is upon the altar.
1:9And its bowels and its legs he shall wash in water: and the priest burnt all upon the altar, a burnt-offering a sacrifice, an odor of sweetness to Jehovah.
1:10And if from the sheep his offering, from the lambs, or from the goats, for a burnt-offering; a blameless male he shall bring it near.
1:11And he slaughtered it upon the thigh of the altar, northward before Jehovah: and Aaron's sons, the priests, sprinkled his blood upon the altar round about
1:12And he cut it in pieces, according to its pieces, and his head and his fat: and the priest arranged them upon the wood which is upon the fire which is upon the altar:
1:13And the bowels and the legs he shall wash in water: and the priest shall bring near all, and burn upon the altar: it is a burnt-offering, a sacrifice, an odor of sweetness to Jehovah.
1:14And if from the birds he brought near a burnt-offering to Jehovah, and he brought near from the turtle-doves, or from the sons of the dove his offering,
1:15And the priest brought it near to the altar, and broke off the head, and burnt upon the altar: and pressed out its blood upon the wall of the altar.
1:16And he took away the crop with its feathers, and cast it at the side of the altar eastward, at the place of the ashes.
1:17And he cleft it with its wings; he shall not divide; and the priest burnt it upon the altar, upon the wood which is upon the fire: it is a burnt-offering, a sacrifice, an odor of sweetness to Jehovah.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.