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Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



2:1If therefore any consolation in Christ, if any encouragement of love, if any mutual participation of the Spirit, if any compassions and mercies,
2:2Fill ye up my joy, that ye may have the same in mind, having the same love, unanimous, being one in mind.
2:3Nothing by hired labor, or vainglory; but in lowliness the leaders hold each other above themselves.
2:4Look ye each not on the things of themselves, but also each the things of others.
2:5For let this be in mind among you, which also in Christ Jesus;
2:6Who, being in the form of God, thought not robbery to be equal to God
2:7But emptied himself, taking the form of a servant, born in the likeness of men:
2:8And found in fashion as man, he humbled himself, being obedient until death, and the death of the cross.
2:9Wherefore God has also exceedingly exalted him, and favored him as a gift with a name above every name:
2:10That in the name of Jesus every knee should bend, of the heavenlies, and of terrestrial things, and things under earth
2:11And every tongue should avow that the Lord is Jesus Christ, to the glory of the Father.
2:12Therefore, my beloved, as ye have always listened, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, with fear and tremor effect your own salvation.
2:13For God is working in you also to will and to work by benevolence.
2:14Do ye all things without murmurings and discussions:
2:15That ye be complete and pure, children of God, blameless in the midst of a crooked and perverted generation, among whom ye appear as luminaries in the world;
2:16Holding on to the word of life; for boasting to me in the day of Christ, for I ran not in vain, nor was I wearied in vain.
2:17But if also I am poured out upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I rejoice, and rejoice together with you all.
2:18And do ye also rejoice at the same, and rejoice together with me.
2:19And I hope in the Lord Jesus to send Timothy quickly to you, that I also be courageous, having known the things concerning you.
2:20For I have none having a like soul, who naturally will have care for the things concerning you.
2:21For they all seek the things of themselves, and not the things of Christ Jesus.
2:22And ye know his proof, that, as a child to a father, he served with me in the good news.
2:23Him therefore I truly hope to send, whenever I shall see from it the things concerning me.
2:24And I have trusted in the Lord that I myself also shall come quickly.
2:25And I thought necessary Epaphroditus, my brother, and cooperator, and fellow soldier, and your sent, and workman of my necessity, be sent to you.
2:26Since he was longing for you all, and harassed because ye heard that he was sick.
2:27For also he was sick near to death: but God compassionated him; and not him only, but also me, lest I should have grief upon grief.
2:28Therefore I sent him the more earnestly, that, seeing him, ye might again rejoice, and I be more free from sorrow.
2:29Therefore receive him in the Lord with all joy; and hold such esteemed.
2:30Because for the work of Christ he drew near to death, having exposed the soul to danger, that he might fill up your want of service to me.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.