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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



29:1And Jacob will lift'up his feet and will go to the land of the sons of the east
29:2And he will see, and behold, a well in the field, and behold there three flocks of sheep lying by it; for from that well they will water the flocks and the great stone upon the mouth of the well.
29:3And they gather there all the flocks; and they rolled away the stone from the mouth of the well and watered the sheep, and turned back the stone upon the mouth of the well to its place.
29:4And Jacob will say to them, My brethren, whence are ye? and they will say, We are from Haran.
29:5And he will say to them, knew ye Laban the son of Nahor? and they will say, We knew.
29:6And he will say to them, Is health to him? and they will say, Health: Behold, Rachel his daughter came with the sheep.
29:7And he will say, Behold, yet the day great, not the time of gathering the cattle; water ye the sheep, and go feed.
29:8And they will say, We shall not be able, till that all the flocks shall be gathered together, and they roll the stone from the mouth of the well; and we water the sheep.
29:9He yet speaking to them, and Rachel came with the sheep were to her father; for she fed them.
29:10And it shall be when Jacob saw Rachel the daughter of Laban, his mother's brother, and the sheep of Laban his mother's brother, and Jacob will come near, and will roll away the stone from the mouth of the well, and will water the sheep of Laban his mother's brother.
29:11And Jacob will kiss Rachel, and will lift up his voice and weep.
29:12And Jacob will announce to Rachel that he is her father's brother, and that he is Rebekah's son; and she will run and announce to her father.
29:13And it shall be when Laban heard the hearing of Jacob his sister's son, and he will run to meet him, and he will embrace him, and kiss him and bring him to his house, and he will recount to Laban all these words.
29:14And Laban will say to him, Surely my bone and my flesh art thou: and he will dwell with him a month of days.
29:15And Laban will say to Jacob, Because thou art my brother shalt thou serve me gratuitously? announce to me what thy reward.
29:16And to Laban two daughters: the name to the great, Leah; and the name to the small, Rachel.
29:17And the eyes of Leah weak, and Rachel was fair of form and fair of look.
29:18And Jacob will love Rachel, and will say, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy daughter the small.
29:19And Laban will say, Good for me to give her to thee rather than for me to give her to another man. Dwell with me.
29:20And Jacob will serve for Rachel seven years, and they will be in his eyes as a few days in his loving her.
29:21And Jacob will say to Laban, Give my wife, for the days were completed, and I will go in to her.
29:22And Laban will gather together all the men of the place, and will make a drinking.
29:23And it will be in the evening, and he will take Leah his daughter, and bring her to him, and he will go in to her.
29:24And Laban will give to her, Zilpah his maid, to Leah his daughter a maid.
29:25And it will be in the morning, and behold, she was Leak And he will say to Laban, What this thou didst to me? did I not serve with thee for Rachel? and wherefore didst thou deceive me?
29:26And Laban will say, It shall not be done so in our place, to give the small before the first-born.
29:27Complete her seven, and we will give to thee also this for work which thou shalt work with me yet other seven years.
29:28And Jacob will do so, and he will complete her seven, and he will give to him Rachel his daughter to him for a wife.
29:29And Laban will give to Rachel his daughter, Bilhah his maid to her for a maid.
29:30And he will go in also to Rachel, and he will also love Rachel more than Leah, and he will serve with him yet other seven years.
29:31And Jehovah will see that Leah was hated, and he will open her womb: and Rachel barren.
29:32And Leah will conceive and will bring forth a son, and she will call his name Reuben: for she said that Jehovah saw my affliction, for now my husband will love me.
29:33And she will yet again conceive and bear a son, and she will say that Jehovah heard that I am hated, and he will give to me this also; and she will call his name Simeon.
29:34And she will conceive yet again, and will bear a son, and she will say, The time now, my husband will join himself to me, for I bare to him three sons: for this his name was called Levi
29:35And she will conceive yet again and will bear a son, and she will say, This time I will confess to Jehovah: for this she called his name Judah; and she will stand from bearing.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.