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Textus Receptus Bibles

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



21:1And Jehovah reviewed Sarah as he said; and Jehovah will do to Sarah as he spake.
21:2And Sarah shall conceive, and bring forth to Abraham a son to his old age, at the appointed time which God spake to him.
21:3And Abraham shall call the name of his son being born to him, whom Sarah will bear to him, Isaak.
21:4And Abraham shall circumcise Isaak his son, the son of eight days, as God commanded him.
21:5And Abraham the son of an hundred years in the bringing forth to him Isaak his son.
21:6And Sarah will say, God made me laugh; all hearing will laugh with me.
21:7And she will say, Who spake to Abraham, Sarah suckles sons? for I brought forth a son in his old age.
21:8And the child will become great, and shall be weaned; and Abraham will make a great drinking in the day of weaning Isaak.
21:9And Sarah will see the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she brought forth to Abraham, laughing.
21:10And she will say to Abraham, Cast out this maid-servant and her son; for the son of this maid-servant shall not inherit with my son, with Isaak.
21:11And the word was greatly evil in the eyes of Abraham, on account of his son.
21:12And God will say to Abraham, It shall not be evil in thine eyes concerning the boy, and concerning thy maidservant; all which Sarah shall say to thee, hear to her voice; for in Isaak the seed shall be called to thee.
21:13And also the son of this maid-servant, I will make him into a nation, for he is thy seed.
21:14And Abraham will rise early in the morning, and take food, and a leathern bottle of water, and give to Hagar (putting upon her shoulder), and the child, and will send her away: and she will go forth and wander in the desert to the well of the oath.
21:15And the waters shall be spent in the water skin, and she will cast the child under one of the shrubs.
21:16And she will go and seat herself from over against., being far off as the bending of a bow: for she said, I will not see the death of the child. And she will seat herself from over against, and she will lift up her voice and weep.
21:17And God will hear the voice of the child: and the messenger of God will call to Hagar from the heavens, and will say to her, What to thee Hagar? thou. shalt not fear, for God heard the voice of the child, from where he is.
21:18Arise, lift up the child, and fasten thy hand upon him; for I will make him into a great nation.
21:19And God will open her eyes, and she will see a well of waters, and will go and fill the water skin with water, and will give the child to drink.
21:20And God will be with the child; and he will be great, and dwell in the desert, and will be to increase the bow.
21:21And he will dwell in the desert Paran: and his mother will take to him a wife from the land of Egypt
21:22And it shall be in that tune, and Abimelech will speak, and Phicol, leader of his army, to Abraham, saying, God is with thee in all that thou doest
21:23And now swear to me in God, whether if thou shalt lie to me and to my progeny, and to my progenies; according to the kindness which I did to thee, thou shalt do to me, and to the land in which thou didst sojourn in it
21:24And Abraham will say, I will swear.
21:25And Abraham rebuked Abimelech on account of the well of waters which Abimelech's servants took away by force.
21:26And Abimelech will say, I knew not who did this thing; and also thou didst not announce to me, and also I heard not except this day.
21:27And Abraham will take sheep and oxen, and give to Abimelech; and they two made a covenant
21:28And Abraham set, seven ewe lambs of the sheep alone.
21:29And Abimelech will say to Abraham, What here these seven ewe lambs which thou didst set alone?
21:30And he will say, For the seven ewe lambs thou shalt take from my hand, in order to be to me for a testimony that I dug this well.
21:31For this he called that place, The well of the oath, for there they two aware.
21:32And they will make a covenant, at the well of the oath, and Abimelech will rise up, and Phicol, the leader of his army, and they will turn back to the land of the Philistines,
21:33And be will plant the tamarisk by the well of the oath, and will call there upon the name of Jehovah, the eternal God.
21:34And Abraham will sojourn in the land of the Philistines many days.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.