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Julia E. Smith Translation 1876



32:1And Jacob went on his way and the messengers of God met with him.
32:2And Jacob will say when seeing them, This the camp of God: and he will call the name of that place the camps.
32:3And Jacob will send messengers before his face to Esau his brother, to the land of Seir, the field of Adam.
32:4And he will command them, saying, Thus shall ye say to my lord to Esau, Thus thy servant Jacob said, With Laban I sojourned and lingered till now.
32:5And there will be to me ox and ass, sheep and servant, and maid; and I shall send to announce to my lord to find grace in thine eyes.
32:6And the messengers will turn back to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother, to Esau, and also he came to thy meeting, and four hundred men with him.
32:7And Jacob will be greatly afraid and it will press upon him: and he will divide the people which were with him, and the sheep and the oxen, and the camels, into two camps.
32:8And he will say, If Esau shall come to the one camp and smite it, and the remaining camp was to escape.
32:9And Jacob will say, God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaak, Jehovah having said to me, Turn back to thy land and to thy family, and I will do well with thee.
32:10I was little from all the kindness and from all the truth which thou didst to thy servant; for with my rod I passed over this Jordan, and now I became into two camps.
32:11Take me away now from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau, for I am afraid of him, lest he shall come and smite me, the mother upon the sons.
32:12And thou saidst, Doing well I will do well with thee, and I set thy seed as the sand of the sea, which shall not be counted for multitude.
32:13And he will pass the night them in that night, and he will take from what came into his hand, a gift to Esau his brother.
32:14Two hundred she-goats, and twenty he-goats, two hundred sheep and twenty rams.
32:15Camels giving suck, and their young, thirty; forty heifers and ten bulls; twenty she-asses and ten foals.
32:16And he will give into the hand of his servants a flock, a flock itself alone; and he will say to his servants, Pass over before me, and ye shall put enlargement between flock and between flock.
32:17And he will command the first, saying, When Esau my brother shall meet thee and ask thee saying, To whom thou? and whither wilt thou go? and to whom these before thee?
32:18And thou saying, To thy servant, to Jacob: this a gift sent to my lord to Esau, and behold also he is behind us.
32:19And he will command also the second, also the third, also all going behind the flocks, saying, According to this word shall ye speak to Esau in your finding him.
32:20And ye said, Also behold thy servant Jacob behind us. For he said, I will appease his face with the gift going before me, and after this I will see his face; perhaps he will receive my face.
32:21And the gift will pass over before his face, and he remained in that night in the camp.
32:22And he will rise in that night and take his two wives and his two maids, and his eleven sons, and he will pass over the passage of Jabbok.
32:23Andhewill take them and will cause them to pass through the torrent, and he will cause to pass through what is to him.
32:24And Jacob will be left alone by himself, and a man will wrestle with him till the ascending of the morning.
32:25And he will see thathewill not prevail over him and he will touch upon the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh will be alienated in his wrestling with him.
32:26And he will say, Send me away, for the morning ascended: and he will say, I will not send thee away, unless thou didst bless me.
32:27And he will say to him, What thy name? and he will say, Jacob.
32:28And he will say, Thy name shall no more be said Jacob, but Israel, for thou wert a prince with God and with men, and thou shalt prevail.
32:29And Jacob will ask and will say, Announce now, thy name: and he will say, For what this thou wilt ask for my name? and he will bless him there.
32:30And Jacob will call the name of the place, the face of God: for I saw God lace to face, and my soul shall be saved.
32:31And the sun will rise to him when he passed through the face of God, and he limped upon his thigh.
32:32For this, the sons of Israel will not eat the sinew which dried up which is upon the hollow of the thigh, even till this day; for he touched upon the hollow of Jacob's thigh in the sinew which dried up.
Julia Smith and her sister

Julia E. Smith Translation 1876

The Julia Evelina Smith Parker Translation is considered the first complete translation of the Bible into English by a woman. The Bible was titled The Holy Bible: Containing the Old and New Testaments; Translated Literally from the Original Tongues, and was published in 1876.

Julia Smith, of Glastonbury, Connecticut had a working knowledge of Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Her father had been a Congregationalist minister before he became a lawyer. Having read the Bible in its original languages, she set about creating her own translation, which she completed in 1855, after a number of drafts. The work is a strictly literal rendering, always translating a Greek or Hebrew word with the same word wherever possible. Smith accomplished this work on her own in the span of eight years (1847 to 1855). She had sought out no help in the venture, even writing, "I do not see that anybody can know more about it than I do." Smith's insistence on complete literalness, plus an effort to translate each original word with the same English word, combined with an odd notion of Hebrew tenses (often translating the Hebrew imperfect tense with the English future) results in a translation that is mechanical and often nonsensical. However, such a translation if overly literal might be valuable to consult in checking the meaning of some individual verse. One notable feature of this translation was the prominent use of the Divine Name, Jehovah, throughout the Old Testament of this Bible version.

In 1876, at 84 years of age some 21 years after completing her work, she finally sought publication. The publication costs ($4,000) were personally funded by Julia and her sister Abby Smith. The 1,000 copies printed were offered for $2.50 each, but her household auction in 1884 sold about 50 remaining copies.

The translation fell into obscurity as it was for the most part too literal and lacked any flow. For example, Jer. 22:23 was given as follows: "Thou dwelling in Lebanon, building as nest in the cedars, how being compassionated in pangs coming to thee the pain as in her bringing forth." However, the translation was the only Contemporary English translation out of the original languages available to English readers until the publication of The British Revised Version in 1881-1894.(The New testament was published in 1881, the Old in 1884, and the Apocrypha in 1894.) This makes it an invaluable Bible for its period.